As the English translation of the Baroque-era German rendering of the Ancient Greek philosophical saying goes:

Though the mills of God grind slowly, yet they grind exceeding small/Though with patience he stands waiting, with exactness grinds he all.

Today, this saying is usually applied in respect of the judicial process, noting that although justice sometimes doesn’t get done quickly, it may nevertheless get done, and done meticulously, in the end.

That’s certainly the case for a troika of cybercriminals alleged to have been behind the infamous Gozi “banking Trojan” malware, which first appeared in the late 2000s.

The jargon term banking Trojan refers to malicious software that is specifically programmed to recognise, monitor and manipulate your interactions with online banking sites, with the ultimate aim of ripping off your account and stealing your funds.

Typical banking Trojan tricks include: logging your keystrokes to uncover passwords and other secret data as you type it in; scanning local files and databases hunting for private data such as account numbers, account history, passwords and PINs; and manipulating web data right inside your browser to skim off secret information even as you access genuine banking sites.

Way back in 2013, three men from Europe were formally charged with Gozi-related cybercrimes in a US federal court in New York:

  • NIKITA KUZMIN, then 25, from Moscow, Russia.
  • DENNIS ČALOVSKIS, then 27, from Riga, Latvia.
  • MIHAI IONUT PAUNESCU, then 28, from Bucharest, Romania.